Predictive validity and gender differences in a biopsychosocial model of violence risk assessment in acute psychiatry

Bjørn Magne Sundsbø Eriksen, Ann Færden, Øyvind Lockertsen, Stål Bjørkly, John Olav Roaldset

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Psychiatry Research, 2018
Online / DOI:

Current violence risk assessment methods seem to have reached an upper limit of accuracy. More comprehensive
biopsychosocial models may improve on existing methods. Research on gender differences concerning risk
factors of violence is scarce and inconclusive. In this prospective study from an acute psychiatric ward, all
patients admitted from March 2012 to March 2013 were included. Predictive validity and potential gender
differences in a biopsychosocial model of violence risk assessment consisting of a psychosocial checklist
(Violence risk screening-10, V-RISK-10), a patient’s self-report risk scale (SRS), total cholesterol (TC) and highdensity
lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) were examined in an inpatient (N=348) and a 3-months follow-up
(N=101) sample. Overall increases in explained variances and predictive values were small and non-significant
compared to V-RISK-10 alone. In the inpatient sample, HDL contributed significantly to the model for men but
not for women. In the follow-up sample, SRS contributed significantly for the whole sample. Results indicated
that the biopsychosocial model we tested partially improved accuracy of violence risk assessments in acute
psychiatry and that gender differences may exist.
Keywords: acute psychiatry, total cholesterol, HDL, self-report, V-RISK-10, biomarkers, screening tools