Mechanical Restraint in Psychiatry: Preventive Factors in Theory and Practice. A Danish–Norwegian Association Study
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. | 2013
Purpose:To examine how potential mechanical restraint preventive factors in hospitals are associated with the frequency of mechanical restraint episodes.
Design and Methods: This study employed a retrospective association design, and linear regression was used to assess the associations.
Findings: Three mechanical restraint preventive factors were significantly associated with low rates of mechanical restraint use: mandatory review (exp = .36, p < .01), patient involvement (exp = .42, p < .01), and no crowding (exp = .54, p < .01).
Practice Implications:None of the three mechanical restraint preventive factors presented any adverse effects; therefore, units should seriously consider implementing these measures.